How Do Chef Schools Work?

Culinary schools give aspiring chefs their best shot at making it to the big time, especially those admitted by the American Culinary Federation. Just like any other profession, many of the better hospitality establishments base their hiring practices not only upon the length of education the applicant provides, but also where that education was obtained. Tuition runs the gamut from relatively inexpensive courses offered by local community colleges all the way to the Culinary Institute of America's breathtaking $ 40,000 price tag. And what does not tuition cover? Oh, just uniforms, textbooks, cutlery, and other necessary kitchen equipment.

Curriculum different from school to school, but most of the culinary student's time is consumed in learning the ins and outs of cooking by actually doing it under close supervision. Participants not only prepare food, but also learn how to plan menus, minimize food costs, buy food and supplies in quantities, and how to appropriately choose and store food. Learning proper hygiene and local public health rules also play a large part in a culinary student's education.

Classes are sometimes offered all day, taking a complete eight hours, while at some schools, classes are broken into morning and afternoon sessions. There are usually lectures, and then demonstrations followed by hands-on practice time with students applying the techniques demonstrated earlier. Some schools even offer part-time professional classes to accomodate working cooks wanting to increase their formal education.

A number of educational seminars are available, among them:

The American Academy of Chefs Chair's Scholarship – Ten $ 1,000 scholarships awarded each year

The American Academy of Chefs Chaine des Rotisseurs Scholarship – Twenty $ 1,000 scholarships awarded annually

National Restaurant Association Educational Foundation (NRAEF) – Three annual $ 2,000 scholarships for high school seniors and undergraduate students

Because years of training and experience are needed to reach the level of executive chef in most well-paying restaurants, many students are serious about this profession beginning their training in high school through voluntary programs, then go on to a two- or four-year college or university. Apprenticeship programs offer more training afterward, and these come from individual eating establishments and are given by a personal mentor or from professional institutions and associations such as the American Culinary Federation.

Apprenticeship lasts usually about three years and is most often known as the years of "grunt work" – doing all the chopping, grating, peeling, slicing, and washing necessary to prepare the ingredients for the chefs. Even cleaning appliances, sweeping and mopping floors, and other seemingly unaffiliated "chef" work gets done by the apprentice as part of his or her learning experience. Often this "trial-by-fire" period separates the truly devoted caf├ęs-to-be from those who are merely good cooks.

It is not impossible to attain the status of executive chef without the benefit of formal education, but in today's job market, most establishments (especially the finer hotels and restaurants) now require some type of certification to work in this capacity. Like a degree of any sort, formal training in the culinary arts may not mean you are another Julia Child or Paul Prudhomme, but it does at least signify that you've got what it takes to get through the school. So stop trying to think of ways to take shortcuts, get your tuition together, and go learn what you need to attain your dream!

Make Money Online But Avoid Pitfalls

I think you have read the headlines … Make $ 10,000 in 30 days. In many cases, such words will be accompanied by a promotion to buy something, eg an e-book, or access to the system that will catapult your earnings beyond your wildest dreams. So the question is, are such schemes indeed true? Is it possible to make riches overnight? What should concern you right from the beginning is what the system or scheme is all about, particularly since laws of nature are clear … you can not create anything from anything. If you expect to pay $ 47 for an e-book and make $ 10,000 overnight without effort, then you have it wrong from the word go.

There are many ways to make a living online, many of them legitimate but quite a number exaggerated. However, what is comforting is that human nature is curious and therefore has the power to conduct research. A system that makes a lot of promises may indeed be legit or bogus, but with all the online tools available, it is possible to filter the wheat from the chaff. For instance, if a program offers a trial period, by all means try it out and opt out if it does not work to your satisfaction. Such systems will typically ask for a very low payment to subscribe (eg $ 1) for a trial period, and if satisfied, pay the full amount.

If you are thinking about making an online income, affiliate marketing may be your very best route because the start-up costs are low. Affiliate marketing typically involves promoting products on behalf of a reputable party who pays you a commission depending on your effort. This kind of online business can be quite rewarding especially if you know the basics of internet marketing and use them to your advantage.

The important thing with all online offers is to approach with caution, just enough to be able to gauge whether something is for real or a rip-off. Most importantly, engage in niches that interest you or you have an idea about. If you know nothing about pet dogs, you are unlikely to be successful in that niche. Similarly, if you have no clue about classic cars, you would be well advised to keep away from that field unless you are willing to put in time and effort to learn. The key words, as always, are time and effort. Those two words will never steer you wrong. Time and effort to learn, time and effort to listen to advice, and time and effort to be patient for results. If you are in the right program, progress will be slow at first, but will increase with time.

Do You Need Help Getting Patio Furniture Accessories?

It can be great when it comes to getting all of the furniture that you want for your patio and arrange it exactly how you want it. The furniture can help to fill up empty spaces brilliantly by making the most out of the space available.

The thing is that though no matter how much furniture you get for your patio, it can sometimes still look bare. This can be a problem to some people and they just do not know what to do about it. However one way that can help to create the look is by the effective use of accessories.

Using Accessories to Brighter Up Your Patio

By the right arrangement and use of accessories, it can really help to create an inviting mood and it also helps to make the most out of the furniture. You can create a nice and surreal area out on your patio with the combination of high quality furniture and accessories. However, which accessories should you use? Well there are quite a few different accessories that you can get for your furniture including: –

o Cushions

o Parasols

o Blankets

o Planters

o Wind Chimes

This is just a few things that you can get to help to spruce up your patio furniture and it is quite easy to achieve a great look as well. You can make the chairs extremely comfortable by using nice cushions and the best thing is that you can choose what materials and styles to go for. You may want to go for silk cushions which can offer even more luxury and help you to get the most relaxing time possible. It also helps to enhance the mood of the surrounding atmosphere and it can be something that you are proud of at the same time.

Be Creative with Your Patio Furniture Accessories

When you buy the accessories for your patio furniture it gives you a chance to be extremely creative in order to help create the look that you desire. There is so much that you can do to get the best look possible while offering maximum comfort at the same time. You could use absolutely anything that you like whether you use a planter, ornaments, clocks or even wind chimes to spruce up your patio furniture. The accessories are certainly something that can add to the overall look and they can even make the patio furniture look better.

As you can see you can get some great accessories and basically you can use anything that you like to help to create that perfect look to bring out the full potential of the patio furniture.

Overseas Manufacturing and Clearing Goods Through Customs

When importing into a country, there are a number of terms, regulations and procedures an importer should be familiar with. The following is a guide of different issues to be aware of when importing.

For first time importers, it is highly advisable to pay a customs broker to enter and clear goods through customs. Customs brokers are licensed by the countries in which they operate, and they act on behalf of the importer to file the necessary documents for products to enter a country at the port-of-entry. Depending on their relationship with their client, they may also pay customs duties and other importing expenses on their client's behalf. Finally, they advise importers about issues of which they may need to be aware such as country or origin marks and other issues importers need to be aware of.

When choosing a customs broker, the importer should first make sure they can enter goods at the arrival port. In the US, customs brokers are licensed by the US Customs and Border Protection Service.

Prior to placing an order with a manufacturer, the relevant nation's customs agency and the importer's customs broker should be consulted to avoid possible problems such as the following:

  • Any legal issues that may exist with the product in the country of import.
  • Finding out after the product arrives at port that the it is subject to import quotas.
  • Possible health, safety or other regulations which apply to the product to be imported.

One easy to avoid, but common problem encountered when importing is the failure to mark the product in compliance with country of origin regulations. To avoid this, contact the relevant customs agency of the nation where the merchandise will be imported to ensure the goods are in compliance. For example, custom laws in the US require each imported good be marked with the English name of the country of origin (eg China) as reasonably, indelibly, and permanently as the nature of the article permits. Furthermore, this marking must be visible to the ultimate purchaser of the product.

The tariff rate levied by customs must be paid before the importer can take possession of the goods. While tariff rates in countries like the US average around 5% for most products, they can be significantly higher for some goods, particularly those with higher labor content. Therefore, it is important to know the rate before product arrives at port.

Before the goods are shipped, ensure the packing regulations for the destination country have been adhered. For example, every box, bale or case may need to be numbered with the exact quantity in each.

Other regulations include the type of pallets that can be used.

Problems with customs clearance often center around paperwork. Different goods often require different types of documentation, but the three major types of documentation the shipper must prepare include the following:

1. A bill of lading: This document, issued by the carrier or shipper, is basically a receipt of the goods acknowledging that they have been received on the vessel for shipment. This document indicates the particular vessel on which the goods have been placed, the destination of the goods, and the terms for transporting the goods to their final destination.

2. A commercial invoice: This is used as a customs declaration by the entity that is exporting an item across international borders. This document is required by customs to determine the value of the goods to assess duties and taxes, and goods must be invoiced in a systematic manner.

3. Packing list: This document is an itemized detail of the merchandise in a particular shipment. A copy is usually attached to the outside of the shipping container or inside the container itself so the merchandise may be counted by the person opening it.

It is crucial to make sure these documents, and any others that may be needed for a particular shipment, are carefully completed and reviewed before the goods arrive.

To avoid excess storage fees, arrange for a freight forwarder or some other type of transporter to ship the goods to their final destination as soon as they have cleared customs.

Being aware of these points, as well working closely with customs and a customs broker, will make the importing process smoother and will reduce the possibility of unnecessary difficulty or expense.